Customize application errors with Programmatic Log Errors

Programmatic Errors allow you to customize errors, monitor and troubleshoot issues that should not necessarily interfere with the service. For example, and application trying to remove a user who doesn't exist. These custom errors can be handled by adding just a few lines of additional code to your Lambda handler.


Programmatic Errors are labelled as warnings indicate that a non fatal error occurred, such as application error. You can log programmatic errors, track custom error issues, and trigger Alerts.

Configuring a Generic Error

Programmatic Errors can be configured from anywhere within your Lambda handler’s code. Below are some examples using the Lumigo tracer integrations.

console.log("[LUMIGO_LOG] <YOUR_MESSAGE>");
System.out.println("[LUMIGO_LOG] <YOUR_MESSAGE>");

Configuring a Custom Error

To configure custom types of errors, use one of the two options listed below:

import lumigo_tracer
lumigo_tracer.error("a description of the error", "My Custom Type")
const lumigo = require('@lumigo/tracer');
lumigo.error("a description of the error", { type: "My Custom Type" });

Alternatively custom errors can also support language variable outputs:

error = {
    'message': 'a description of the error',
    'type': 'My Custom Type'}
print("[LUMIGO_LOG]", json.dumps(error))
let error = {
    'message': 'a description of the error',
    'type': 'My Custom Type'
console.log(`[LUMIGO_LOG] ${JSON.stringify(error)}`);


Note that when configuring programmatic errors the type error field is case sensitive and length specific. For example, setting an error with the type “Error 42 “ will cause the associated errors to aggregate differently to “error 42” on the issues page.

If a service behaves in a way that is compliant within its programming model yet does not return the desired response, and does not return an error. This can be handled via the programmatic error reporting approach mentioned above.

From an application perspective, there may be different error types that will be of more importance than others. As such the programmatic approach to error handling can help highlight certain errors over others, and be used as a way to include additional information to debug and monitor the issue.


A Twilio SMS API discards outgoing SMS requests that contain an empty message body, but does not return an error indication, this can be handled using programmatic errors.


Twilio returns multiple error messages for different cases. Since you may care more about some of these errors and less about others, looking at all of the errors through a single lens (for example, as generic 4xx or "client errors") could be very inefficient. You can use a custom programmatic error type for each of the cases.

If we look at a 400 response returned from Twilio as part of the example:

    "code": 14108,
    "message": "Invalid Phone Number",
    "more_info": "",
    "status": 400

Then the code can use that to report Lumigo Programmatic Errors in the following way:

response = twilio_client.messages.create(body=sms.message,
        from_=sms.sender, to=sms.recepient)

if response.status == 400:
    if response.code == 14108:
        lumigo.error(response.message, 'Twilio: Invalid Phone Number')
    elif response.code == 32103:
        lumigo.error(response.message, 'Twilio: Empty SMS Body')
        lumigo.error(response.message, 'Twilio: Client Error')

Resulting in multiple issues grouped by issue type as defined from our code example above.


Example: Custom programmatic errors propagated to Lumigo